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Leading Cause of Kidney Stone :symptoms and Treatment |Gbojom


Kidney Stone can be a very painful Experience

Hello I am Callistus Cajetan in this guide we are gonna talk about the

Leading cause of kidney stone:symptoms and Treatment

But before we continue let defined this kidney stone

What is kidney stone?

Ans:kidney stone is a small,hard deposit that form in the kidneys and is often painfull when passed. This has become more than 100 thousands Cases per year in Nigeria and more than 10 million cases globally. You can see how serious this can be now let us proceed with the Cause of Kidney Stone:

Lack of Water
You need to make enough urine to dilute the things that can turn into stones. If you don’t drink enough or sweat too much, your pee may look dark. It should be pale yellow or clear.
If you’ve had a stone before, you should make about 8 cups of urine a day. So aim to down about 10 cups daily, since you lose some fluids through sweat and breathing. Swap a glass of water for a citrus drink. The citrate in lemonade or orange juice can block stones from forming.

Diet
What you eat can play a big role in whether you get one of these stones.
The most common type of kidney stone happens when calcium and oxalate stick together when your kidneys make urine. Oxalate is a chemical that’s in many healthy foods and vegetables. Your doctor may tell you to limit high-oxalate foods if you’ve had this type of stone before. Examples include:
Spinach
Rhubarb
Grits
Bran cereal
You may have heard that drinking milk can bring on kidney stones. That’s not true. If you eat or drink calcium-rich foods (like milk and cheese) and foods with oxalate at the same time, it helps your body better handle the oxalate. That’s because the two tend to bind in the gut instead of in the kidneys, where a stone can form.
Sodium. You mainly get this through table salt. It can raise your chances of getting several types of kidney stones. So watch out for salty snacks, canned foods, packaged meats, and other processed foods.

Animal protein. Another kind of kidney stone forms when your pee is too acidic. Red meat and shellfish can make uric acid in your body rise. This can collect in the joints and cause gout or go to your kidneys and make a stone. More importantly, animal protein raises your urine’s calcium level and lowers the amount of citrate, both of which encourage stones.


what's the symptoms for kidney stones?


pain within the again, belly, or facet

kidney stone ache — also known as renal colic — is one of the maximum intense varieties of ache imaginable  some folks who’ve experienced kidney stones evaluate the pain to childbirth or getting stabbed with a knife.

the pain is severe sufficient to account for extra than 1 million visits to emergency rooms each year

normally the pain starts offevolved when a stone movements into the slim ureter. this causes a blockage, which makes strain building up within the kidney.

the stress activates nerve fibers that transmit pain signals to the mind.

kidney stone ache often starts offevolved suddenly. as the stone movements, the pain changes area and depth.

ache regularly comes and goes in waves, that's made worse by the ureters contracting as they are trying to push the stone out. every wave may ultimate for a couple of minutes, disappear, and then come returned once more.

you’ll sense the pain alongside your side and returned, below your ribs. it is able to radiate to your stomach and groin vicinity as the stone movements down thru your urinary tract.

huge stones may be greater painful than small ones, however the severity of ache doesn’t always relate to the size of the stone. even a touch stone may be painful as it movements or reasons a blockage.
2. pain or burning for the duration of urination

as soon as the stone reaches the junction between the ureter and bladder, you’ll start to feel ache whilst you urinate  your medical doctor would possibly name this dysuria.

the pain can feel sharp or burning. in case you don’t realize you have a kidney stone, you may mistake it for a urinary tract infection. once in a while you can have an contamination along with the stone.
3. pressing want to head

wanting to go to the toilet more urgently or frequently than typical is another signal that the stone has moved into the lower part of your urinary tract. you can find yourself walking to the toilet, or wanting to move constantly all through the day and night time.

urinary urgency can also mimic a urinary tract contamination symptom.
4. blood in the urine

blood within the urine is a common symptom in humans with urinary tract stones \this symptom is also referred to as hematuria.

the blood can be pink, purple, or brown. from time to time the blood cells are too small to look with out a microscope (referred to as microscopic hematuria), however your health practitioner can check for this symptom.
5. cloudy or stinky urine

healthful urine is obvious and doesn’t have a robust smell. cloudy or foul-smelling urine can be a sign of an infection on your kidneys or some other part of your urinary tract.

one have a look at discovered that about eight percentage of humans with acute kidney stones had a urinary tract infection

cloudiness is an indication of pus within the urine, or pyuria \. the scent can come from the micro organism that motive urinary tract infections. an scent might also come from urine that’s greater focused than everyday.
6. going a small quantity at a time

massive kidney stones now and again get stuck in a ureter. this blockage can slow or prevent the float of urine.

if you have a blockage, you could handiest urinate a bit bit whenever you move. urine go with the flow that forestalls absolutely is a clinical emergency.
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7. nausea and vomiting

it’s common for humans with a kidney stone to have nausea and vomiting

these symptoms appear because of shared nerve connections between the kidneys and gi tract (9trusted supply). stones in the kidneys can cause nerves within the gi tract, setting off an disenchanted belly.

the nausea and vomiting can also be your body’s manner of responding to intense ache
8. fever and chills

fever and chills are signs and symptoms that you have an contamination for your kidney or another a part of your urinary tract. this may be a critical complication to a kidney stone. it may also be a signal of other serious troubles except kidney stones. any fever with ache calls for urgent medical attention.

fevers that arise with an contamination are commonly high — a hundred.four˚f (38˚c) or more. chills or shivering regularly arise along with the fever.






what's the Treatment for kidney stones?



    within the emergency branch, intravenous fluids can be supplied to assist with hydration and to permit the administration of medications to govern ache and nausea. ketorolac (toradol), an injectable anti inflammatory drug, and narcotics can be used for ache manage, with the aim being to alleviate struggling and now not always to make the affected person ache unfastened. nausea and/or vomiting can be handled with anti-emetic medications like ondansetron (zofran), promethazine (phenergan), or droperidol (inapsine).
    the decision to ship a affected person domestic will rely upon the response to remedy. if the pain is intractable (difficult to govern) or if vomiting persists, then admission to the health center may be important. also, if an infection is related to the stone, then admission to the medical institution may be considered.
    pain manage at home follows the lead of the health facility treatment. over-the-counter (otc) ibuprofen (advil) is used as an anti inflammatory medicine, and narcotic ache pills can be supplied. antinausea remedy may be prescribed both by mouth or by using suppository. tamsulosin (flomax, a drug used to help urination in men with an enlarged prostate gland) can be used to help the stone bypass from the ureter into the bladder.
    because of their size or region, some stones may not be capable of be surpassed with out help. if the stone does now not pass, then a urologist may additionally want to consider using lithotripsy, or shock wave therapy (eswl), to break the stone up into smaller fragments to allow those small portions to bypass extra without problems into the bladder. shock waves are a type of ultrasound that fragments stones.
    if the stone is placed in a place wherein lithotripsy can't be used, or if there's a need to alleviate the obstruction emergently (an instance could consist of the presence of an contamination), the urologist may additionally perform ureteroscopy, wherein devices are threaded into the ureter and might permit the medical doctor to apply a laser to fragment the stone. every now and then, the urologist may be able to use devices to grab the stone and cast off it.

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